스마트 시티 신흥 재료 시장 (2021-2041년): IDTechEx

4,000억 달러 규모의 스마트 시티 재료 시장을 기대한다. 스마트 빌딩, 신규 에너지, 음식, 물, 여행

스마트 시티 신흥 재료 시장 (2021-2041년)

다기능 스마트 재료, 바이오플라스틱, 구조적 전자장치, 복합재, 3D 프린팅, 그래핀, 2D 및 3D 분자, 5G, 6G, IOT, 신규 재활용


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스마트 시티 투자는 수조 달러로 증가하고 있다. 수요가 연간 약 4,000억 달러로 증가하면서, 고급 소재가 핵심을 이룬다. "solar everywhere"는 약 350억 달러에 이르며 많은 새로운 재료가 필요할 것이다. 탐구에는 에너지, 식량 및 물 독립성과 10가지 유형을 대체하는 하나의 차량이 포함된다. 3D 프린팅 건물에서 6G 통신, 가 치유 및 깨지기 쉬운 파력에 이르기까지, 재료 문제를 해결하면 수십억 달러의 새로운 비즈니스가 창출될 것이다.
 
Smart cities are now much more ambitious. That means new materials are their biggest enabler, with information and computer technology dropping to an important support role. In its lucid information-packed 340 pages, the IDTechEx report, "Smart Cities Emerging Materials Markets 2021-2041" explains. Researched by IDTechEx multilingual PhD level analysts across the world and constantly updated, the emphasis of the report is commercial opportunities and benefits to society. No nostalgia and no academic obscurity. Many new billion-dollar businesses will be created from this emerging market of hundreds of billions of dollars yearly for largely new materials for new requirements.
 
Consider the $0.5 trillion NEOM smart city being reclaimed from the Saudi desert and the $0.1 trillion Forest City being reclaimed from the Malaysian sea. Forest City names smart materials as pivotal.
 
Zero-emission smart cities will gain energy, food and water independence. That means materials requirements for far-away power stations, hydro dams, reservoirs, oil, gas and coal extraction and their long supply lines to cities will increasingly be replaced materials requirements for the very different city alternatives such as solar everywhere, gravity storage using green concrete, open-water power, better self-powered desalination. Materials supply lines get shorter, involve different materials and end up at different customers. Time to pay attention!
Adaptable energy-positive buildings will make food and electricity and human activities while treating their own sewage but only if environmental, affordable new materials are forthcoming. The city robot shuttles replacing up to ten existing vehicles have special materials with more to come, partly because some are 3D printed and some replace dumb windows and bodywork with electrically- and optically-multifunctional materials and dock sideways. This is definitely not a story of selling the same old stuff more to cities in future.
 
This report answers questions such as
  • Objectives and potential of smart cities and material companies involved
  • Which are spending the big money and what is their materials focus?
  • What 50 gaps exist in the city materials market and what are the possible solutions?
  • What are the big materials failures that I can solve to create large sales?
  • Which can create billion-dollar businesses?
  • Relevant 20-year forecasts and roadmaps resulting from the research?
  • Why are water-related and multifunctional materials increasingly important?
  • Materials for 3D printing of city buildings, robot shuttles, motors, parts, 3DP electronics?
  • Multifunctional composites and structural electronics for cities. What becomes possible?
  • Smart glass, transparent smart plastic, transparent, magnetic and green concrete?
  • Flexible organics, membranes, bioplastics, advanced polymers for cities?
  • Thermal interface materials and thermal insulation challenges in cities?
  • 2D and 3D molecules, graphene, CNT applications in cities?
  • Materials for 5G, 6G and THz electronics in cities 2021-2041?
  • Why so many materials needed for photovoltaics beyond silicon? Where? Why?
  • What newly-possible recycling underwrites success?
 
The 99 page Executive Summary and Conclusions is sufficient for those in a hurry. It presents new infograms, comparison tables and graphics with 13 primary conclusions. 70 forecasts are on further pages. The extensive Introduction explains smart cities and their reinvented transport, buildings and trends to water environments, simplification, moveable equipment, zero-emission throughout. This is all in the context of the next twenty years.
 
Chapter 3 concerns materials for 3D printing of buildings, vehicles such as the Olli city robot shuttle and 3DP electronics.
 
Chapter 4 addresses multifunctional composites and structural electronics for future cities.
 
Chapter 5 explains and forecasts the surprisingly varied and large requirements for smart glass, transparent smart plastic such as headlamp RadarGlass™ and the new microLED billboards and windows. Transparent, magnetic and green concrete variously enable city buildings, bridges, solar roads, charge vehicles in motion and make recyclable long-term storage and more but with mixed results. Your opportunity?
 
Chapter 6 focuses on flexible organics, membranes for the widespread sensors, energy storage, fuel cells. It reveals new bioplastics and advanced polymers. Their new virtuosity addresses both electronics and electrical engineering challenges, recyclability, biodegradability, multifunctionality.
 
Chapter 7 Thermal interface materials TIM are conductive and thermal insulation the opposite, these deserving a chapter because so many opportunities arise from so many unmet needs here.
 
Chapter 8 analyses which 2D and 3D molecules such as graphene, CNT and MXenes are enabling future energy harvesting, energy storage, even self-healing, energy-storing vehicle bodywork.
 
Chapter 9 acknowledges the pervasive rollout of 5G communications now and then 6G starting 2030-2035 at terahertz frequencies and indeed the new THz electronics in general from a materials viewpoint because most rollout and innovation will to the requirements of cities.
 
Chapter 10 concerns the many materials and formats emerging for ubiquitous photovoltaic power in cities from solar roads, plazas, buses and boats to facades, windows, solar paint, agrivoltaics, floatovoltaics and tracking lll-V solar.
 
Chapter 11 concerns newly possible recycling benefitting the environment and making certain materials more acceptable. That include plastics, even fluoropolymers, next batteries and next wind turbine blades.
 
Most of the largest cities are on the sea or a large river and, with rising sea levels, more will be water-based. Threads running through all the chapters are trends to cities spending heavily on water-related activities from supply and conservation of clean water in desert cities to the more common cities in, by and on water. They will use sea and river water for drinking, fish and vegetable cultivation, leisure, transport, power and more. Learn gaps in these markets such as materials for wave power not destroyed by storms and buildings surviving rising sea levels. Learn why multifunctional materials, components, systems and infrastructure are also a common theme for all smart cities. There you can prosper. The report comes with 30 minutes free consultancy to fill in the gaps.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.Purpose and scope of this report
1.1.1.Who it assists
1.1.2.Scope: 34 emerging material families prioritised
1.2.Infogram: Some materials in future zero-emission smart cities
1.3.Infogram: Some materials companies transforming future zero-emission cities
1.4.Infogram: Next smart city devices in action
1.5.Some pervasive emerging materials for smart cities
1.6.Emerging photovoltaic technology
1.7.Electrical device membranes
1.8.Cognitive responsive smart materials
1.9.Multifunctional polymer composites
1.10.Structural electronics
1.11.Research interest in reshapable smart materials for electronics and electrics by application
1.12.Primary conclusions
1.13.70 Market forecasts
1.13.1.Multifunctional composite forecasts 2012-2029
1.13.2.Fluoropolymers for electronics and electrics value market 2031: by primary applications
1.13.3.Fluoropolymers for electronics and electrics value market 2031 by primary application
1.13.4.Thermal interface materials TIM forecast
1.13.5.Market forecast: TIM for EV battery packs
1.13.6.Market forecast: TIM for power electronic modules
1.13.7.Market forecast: TIM in LED for general lighting
1.13.8.Market forecast: TIM in 4G/LTE base stations
1.13.9.Market forecast: TIM for consumer electronics
1.13.10.Graphene market breakdown by revenue and volume
1.13.11.Market forecast for metals for 3DP
1.13.12.Metal 3DP market forecast - industry segmentation
1.13.13.Metal 3DP material forecast - technology segmentation
1.13.14.Metal for 3DP forecast - alloy segmentation
1.13.15.Low-loss materials forecast in 5G by revenue
1.13.16.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G by frequency
1.13.17.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G by market segments
1.13.18.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G by types of materials
1.13.19.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G base station by materials types
1.13.20.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G smartphones by material types
1.13.21.Low-loss materials areas forecast in 5G CPE, hotspots by material types
1.13.22.Global capacity of Li-ion batteries for recycling by territory 2020-2040 (GWh)
1.13.23.Global Li-ion batteries available for recycling 2020-2040: by region (tonnes) - summary
1.13.24.Global Li-ion batteries available for recycling 2020-2040: by chemistry (tonnes)
1.13.25.Global Li-ion batteries available for recycling 2020-2040: by chemistry (tonnes) - summary
1.13.26.Global recycled metals from Li-ion batteries 2020-2040 (tonnes)
1.13.27.Global recycled metals from Li-ion batteries 2020-2040 (tonnes)
1.13.28.Global Li-ion battery recycling market value forecast 2020-2040 ($ million)
1.13.29.Global plastics production to grow to 485 Mt in 2028
1.13.30.Historical management of municipal solid waste
1.13.31.Flexible CIGS: market forecast sqm and value by barrier technology
1.13.32.Conductive inks and pastes split by 30 application areas 2020-2030
1.13.33.Forecasts for all conductive inks and pastes by application
1.13.34.Forecasts in tonnes for all conductive inks and pastes split by application
1.13.35.Forecasts printed sensors (piezoresistive, glucose, capacitive, touch edge electrode, ITO replacement, etc.)
1.13.36.Forecasts for conformal metallization (aerosol and package-level conformal EMI coating)
1.13.37.Printed electronics forecasts by component 2020-2030
1.13.38.Printed electronics components and materials 2020-2030
1.13.39.Total market value of printed versus non-printed electronics 2020-2030
1.13.40.Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2020-2030
1.13.41.Market size of Flexible/ Conformation Electronics 2020-2030
1.13.42.Market value of flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics
1.13.43.Transparent conducting film or glass markets by application
1.13.44.Global plastics production 1950-2030
1.13.45.Market forecast: Thermal interface materials TIM in LED for automotive
1.13.46.TIM forecast for power supplies
1.13.47.Market forecast: TIM in LED for displays
1.13.48.Global market for thin film CIGS photovoltaics $ billion and GWp 2020-2040
1.13.49.Global market for thin film CIGS photovoltaics GWp 2020-2030
1.13.50.Global market for thin film CIGS photovoltaics $ billion 2020-2030
1.13.51.Global market for lll-V compound semiconductor PV $ billion and GWp 2020-2040
1.13.52.Global market for lll-V compound semiconductor PV GWp 2020-2030
1.13.53.Global market for lll-V compound semiconductor PV $ billion 2020-2030
1.13.54.Global PV technology share $bn % 2040
1.13.55.Global revenues from polymer recycling
1.13.56.Global capacity of Li-ion batteries available for recycling 2020-2040 (GWh)
1.13.57.Global Li-ion batteries available for recycling 2020-2040: by region (tonnes)
1.13.58.Global Li-ion batteries available for recycling by chemistry in major regions
1.13.59.Global Li-ion battery recycling market value forecast by region 2020-2040 ($ million)
1.14.Global market for perovskite PV $M
1.15.Global market for organic photovoltaics OPV $M
1.16.Roadmap for 88 advanced materials in smart cities 2021-2050
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.Smart cities
2.2.Forest City Malaysia has $0.1 trillion to spend
2.3.Cognitive responsive infrastructure
2.4.Sensors throughout smart cities
2.5.Green technologies merging and doing less damage
2.6.Materials implications of smart cities becoming water-centric
2.6.1.Treat sewage at source
2.6.2.Floating cities?
2.7.Solar everywhere: examples
2.7.1.Agrivoltaics
2.7.2.Gap in market for solar roads: inadequate materials
2.7.3.Light duty ground solar succeeds
2.7.4.Solar boats and airports
2.7.5.Flexible CIGS PV to the rescue: MIT USA in Puerto Rico
2.8.Microgrids become minimal intermittency and relocatable
2.9.Food independent cities overview
2.10.Aquaponics: fish and vegetables together in sea and building
2.11.Robotics and reinvented transport overview
2.12.Excellent European Union initiatives
3.MATERIALS FOR 3D PRINTING OF BUILDINGS, VEHICLES AND PARTS, 3D ELECTRONICS
3.1.Why adopt 3D printing?
3.2.Major material-process relationships
3.3.Vehicles
3.4.3DP buildings: concrete, mud, salt, sand, construction waste
3.5.Moon city
3.6.Smaller items and textiles
3.7.Drivers and restraints
4.MULTIFUNCTIONAL COMPOSITES AND STRUCTURAL ELECTRONICS
4.1.Overview
4.2.Multifunctional composites
4.3.End goal
4.4.Self-healing parts
4.5.Edit-able (user-dedicated) electronic and electric smart material
4.6.Smart road materials and composites
5.SMART GLASS, TRANSPARENT SMART PLASTIC, SMART AND GREEN CONCRETE
5.1.Overview
5.2.Smart glass
5.2.1.Embedded circuits
5.2.2.Electrically darkening
5.2.3.Transparent microLED and OLED
5.2.4.Photovoltaic windows
5.3.Smart and green cement
5.3.1.Magnetic cement for charging city vehicles
5.3.2.Transparent concrete solar road Pavenergy China
5.3.3.Green cement and concrete
6.FLEXIBLE ORGANICS, MEMBRANES, BIOPLASTICS, ADVANCED POLYMERS
6.1.Membranes for supercapacitors, batteries, fuel cells, sensors, hydrogen production
6.2.Printed, organic and flexible electronics materials
6.2.1.Definitions
6.2.2.Description and analysis of the main technology components of printed, flexible and organic electronics
6.2.3.Market potential and profitability
6.2.4.Findings on printed versus non-printed electronics
6.2.5.Flexible/conformal versus rigid electronics
6.2.6.Triboelectrics
6.2.7.Gaps in the printed and flexible electronics materials market
6.3.Bioplastics
6.4.Advanced fluoropolymers
7.THERMAL INTERFACE MATERIALS AND THERMAL INSULATION
7.1.Thermal Interface Materials (TIM)
7.2.Thermal insulation
8.2D AND 3D MOLECULES, GRAPHENE, CNT
8.1.2D and 3D molecules
8.2.Graphene applications going commercial
8.3.Example: 2D molecule priorities in supercapacitor research
8.4.Graphene products and prototypes
8.5.Graphene categorisation
8.6.Graphene vs. Carbon nanotubes: general observations
8.7.Carbon Nanotubes (CNT)
8.8.Conductive plastics: application examples
9.5G, 6G AND TERAHERTZ ELECTRONICS MATERIALS
9.1.Low-loss materials covered in this chapter
9.2.5G, next generation cellular communications
9.3.6G communications materials
10.MATERIALS FOR UBIQUITOUS PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER
10.1.Scope
10.2.Two worlds
10.3.Anatomy of the photovoltaic business 2021-2041
10.4.Silicon photovoltaics
10.5.The Parallel Universe of specialist solar where conventional silicon cannot go
10.6.Price-volume sensitivity showing many high price niches
10.7.Primary conclusions: thin film PV market
10.8.Primary conclusions: cadmium telluride
10.9.Primary conclusions: geographic PV materials demand
11.NEWLY-POSSIBLE RECYCLING:
11.1.Wind turbine blades
11.2.Lithium-ion batteries
11.3.Newly possible polymer recycling
 

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