Electric vehicles Report

针对 2030 年太阳能汽车的 150 亿美元预测有上升潜力,现在甚至连大型汽车公司都参与其中

太阳能汽车、巴士、卡车、火车 2020-2030


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保形太阳能车体可令真正的太阳能交通工具至少借助日光支撑其行程的 10%。此类交通工具正在大量订购。本报告深入探讨各种技术如何实现这一目标,以及后续形势如何,甚至标定太阳能船舶和飞机领域的最佳实践。针对太阳能汽车的 150 亿美元预测仍有上升潜力,目前已有诸多大公司参与其中。
The new report, "Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" shows why a rapidly increasing number of car companies are incorporating solar bodywork that significantly increases range or reduces battery size. The situation with buses, large trucks and trains is also presented, with around 100 organisations investigated. Understand how only special cases of get at least 10% of power from on-board solar but it is being introduced for other reasons. Learn how other tipping points will come for many vehicles as new technologies become viable. Examples are affordable compound and multijunction cells (Toyota, Sharp) even as wrap (Hanergy), expanding solar, solar windows and adding on-board wind-power (several on-land and boats). New user propositions include transport-with-microgrid.
 
See why the expensive new Lightyear solar car has a substantial orderbook. It achieves a record 730 km range with half the battery needed if it was at the previously best drag factor and powertrain efficiency (Tesla cars without solar). Compare the parameters of the most successful solar family car, the affordable Sono Motors Sion. Over 10,000 ordered puts to shame many traditional car companies making similar pure-electric, five-seater cars without solar. For now, failure to meet the 320 km/200 mile tipping point for regular pure-electric vehicles to be appealing and have good resale value is no impediment. That is because it is inspiring, offering complete energy independence for the many commuters using their cars sparingly, as does Lightyear.
 
The report "Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" shows how energy-positive vehicles will become commercially available. With hybrids, learn how the giant Hyundai is setting the pace with one model newly offering a solar roof adding 10% to range for many light users buying it. Hyundai has two other solar body types planned. There are now many types of car, car-like vehicle, boat and plane that can be called solar vehicles (increasing range by at least 10%). Invisible solar? Spray on solar? It is all here.
 
The executive summary, including 36 primary conclusions, assesses sales and technology, benefits and challenges and forecasts numbers, value and value market for solar cars 2020-2030, separating premium from mainstream. In Chapter 2: Introduction, see the widening choices of electric vehicle powertrain and comparison of photovoltaic parameters, benefits, challenges, performance and manufacturers. For instance, copper-indium-gallium-diselenide thin film photovoltaics is pictured in action in four countries. Why? Best practice in solar boats and aircraft gives lessons and ten key technologies for energy-independent electric vehicles are presented. High-power energy harvesting discussion puts it in context.
 
Chapter 3 explores solar cars in 18 countries with emphasis on commercial success and benefits to society. Chapter 4 looks at truly solar buses and trucks and precursors with weaker photovoltaic contribution. 12 countries are covered, remarkably with equatorial to Antarctic activity and multipurposing. Chapter 4 "Solar for trains" explains the modest benefit of solar on trains but the huge potential of off-grid solar power for trains mainly based on trackside panels. Chapter 6 looks at "Lessons from agribots, aircraft and boats" then the report ends with Chapter 7 on future enabling technologies such as bodywork that together makes and stores energy. Learn energy-positive and multi-mode vehicles coming; their technologies and uses. The revolutionary mobile zero-emission "zero genset" concept of IDTechEx is explained with its $100 billion yearly potential.
 
"Solar Cars, Buses, Trucks, Trains 2020-2030" is part of ongoing research by globetrotting PhD level analysts in IDTechEx. They carry out technical interviews in local languages and access privileged databases and are respected presenters and consultants in the subject.
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Table of Contents
1.EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1.Purpose of this report
1.2.Basics
1.2.1.Definitions and history
1.3.Primary conclusions
1.3.1.Importance of solar vehicles
1.3.2.Tipping points for sales of solar cars
1.3.3.Tipping points for sales of solar trucks, buses and trains
1.3.4.Corporate and geographical positioning
1.3.5.Chemistry
1.3.6.Format
1.3.7.Leading solar cars compared: Sono, Lightyear, Hanergy, Toyota
1.3.8.Tesla solar Cybertruck
1.3.9.Squad - solar city car
1.3.10.Solar buses and trucks
1.3.11.Trains
1.3.12.New user propositions
1.3.13.Patent analysis: solar car
1.3.14.Patent analysis: solar vehicle
1.4.Market forecasts
1.4.1.Solar energy-independent cars 2019-2030
1.4.2.Solar energy-independent cars 2019-2030 - Number of vehicles (thousand)
1.4.3.Solar energy-independent cars 2019-2030 - Unit Value (US$ thousand) - ex factory
1.4.4.Solar energy-independent cars 2019-2030 - Market Value (US$ billion)
1.4.5.Technology timeline for solar cars
2.INTRODUCTION
2.1.How an Electric Vehicle EV works
2.2.Photovoltaics for electric vehicles
2.2.1.Definition and background
2.2.2.Choice of chemistry
2.2.3.Future chemistry and efficiency trends
2.2.4.Choice of format
2.3.Solar racers show the future
2.4.Solar aircraft and boats show the future
2.5.The big picture: Energy Independent Electric Vehicles
2.5.1.Definition and derivation
2.5.2.Types of Energy Independent Electric Vehicle EIEV
2.5.3.EIEV operational choices
2.5.4.Key EIEV technologies
2.5.5.Examples of EIEV technologies on land past, present and concept
2.5.6.Technologies of marine EIEVs past, present and concept
2.5.7.Technologies of airborne EIEVs past, present and concept
2.5.8.Characteristics of the High Power Energy Harvesting essential to EIEVs
2.5.9.Chasing affordable, ultra-lightweight conformal PV for EIEVs
3.SOLAR CARS WORLDWIDE
3.1.Armenia
3.2.Australia
3.2.1.Sunswift
3.2.2.Immortus passenger concept car, Australia
3.2.3.University of Melbourne AIMES
3.3.Canada
3.3.1.University of Waterloo
3.4.China
3.4.1.Dalian Sengu tourist bus
3.4.2.Amthi Solar 3 wheeler
3.4.3.Hanergy
3.5.Cyprus
3.6.France
3.6.1.Bolloré Group
3.6.2.Venturi Eclectic
3.7.Germany
3.7.1.Fraunhofer ISE
3.7.2.Sono Motors
3.8.Greece
3.8.1.Sunnyclist
3.9.India
3.9.1.Manipal IT
3.9.2.Neeraj and other solar rickshaws
3.9.3.Team BHP
3.9.4.Vikram Solar
3.10.Italy
3.10.1.University of Bologna
3.10.2.I-FEVS
3.10.3.POLYMODEL
3.10.4.eTrikes
3.11.Japan
3.11.1.Toyota
3.11.2.Sky Ace Tiga
3.12.Korea
3.12.1.Hyundai
3.13.Netherlands
3.13.1.Stella Lux
3.13.2.Stella Era
3.13.3.Lightyear One vs Tesla Model 3
3.14.Pakistan
3.14.1.Economia
3.15.Rwanda
3.16.Spain
3.16.1.Evovelo
3.17.Sweden
3.17.1.Midsummer
3.18.UK
3.18.1.Cargo Trike
3.18.2.Cambridge University
3.19.USA
3.19.1.Ford
3.19.2.Karma
3.19.3.CalPoly
4.SOLAR BUSES, TRUCKS AND PRECURSORS
4.1.Austria
4.1.1.K-Bus
4.2.Canada
4.2.1.Group Robert
4.3.China
4.3.1.BYD and others
4.3.2.Nanowinn Technologies
4.4.Japan
4.4.1.Solarve
4.4.2.Akita prefecture
4.5.Korea
4.6.Netherlands
4.6.1.Solar-powered vehicle to South Pole
4.7.Norway
4.7.1.Green Energy
4.8.Slovenia
4.9.Sweden
4.9.1.Wheelys
4.10.Switzerland
4.10.1.E-FORCE
4.11.Uganda
4.11.1.Kiira Motors
4.12.USA
4.12.1.Detleffs
4.12.2.Mesilla Valley Transportation and K&J Trucking
4.12.3.Navistar and Volvo
4.12.4.Ecosphere Technologies
5.SOLAR FOR TRAINS
5.1.Overview
5.2.India
5.2.1.Indian Railways
5.3.UK
5.3.1.Network Rail Hampshire
5.4.USA
5.4.1.Byron Bay railroad
5.4.2.Solar Bullet
6.LESSONS FROM AGRIBOTS, AIRCRAFT AND BOATS
6.1.Lessons from solar agribots
6.2.Structural photovoltaics: Solar boats pSi or scSi
7.FUTURE ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES
7.1.Solar with integral energy storage
7.2.Colloidal quantum dot spray on solar
7.3.Multi-mode energy harvesting
7.4.Harvesting technologies now and in future for air vehicles
7.5.Mechanical with electrical energy independent vehicles
7.6.Systems for EIEVs
7.7.Energy positive large vehicles
7.8.Solar vehicles replace diesel gensets
 

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